Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM


1 Auxiliary verbs: short answers

(a) Affirmative (b) Negative

A: Were you here yesterday?

B: Yes, I was.


A: Did Ann meet Jack?

B: Yes, she did.


A: Were you here yesterday?

B: No, I wasn’t.


A: Did Ann meet Jack?

B: No, she didn’t.

For convenience, treat you as singular, e.g.

A: Are you ready?

B: Yes, I am.

But you and Tom or you both must of course be answered with we, e.g.

A: Are you and Tom ready?

B: Yes, we are.

  1. Are you both going away next weekend?
  2. Did you go away last weekend?
  3. Can Tom drive a car?
  4. Has he got a licence?
  5. Will Ann be here tomorrow?
  6. Could you wait half an hour?
  7. Were they late?
  8. Did Bill get a lift?
  9. Would he like to work abroad?
  10. Must you go? (For negative answer use needn’t.)
  11. Is he getting on well?
  12. Were they waiting for the bus?
  13. Had they missed their usual bus?
  14. Is he over twenty-one?
  15. Does he usually go by air?
  16. Have you ever fallen off a horse?
  17. Was he injured in the accident?
  18. Did he blame the other driver?
  19. Will she be back by four?
  20. Need you tell him? (For affirmative answer use must.)


Answer the following questions in a written form


1.  Can you swim?

2.  Would £10 be enough?

3.  Can you cook?

4.  Is your name Pitt?

5.  Do you play cards?


  6.  Have you any money?

7. Are you free this evening?

8. Would you like to see him?

9.  May I borrow your car?
10. Are you Tom’s brother?


2   Auxiliary verbs: short answers

Assume that questions are addressed to you and Tom.

(a) Affirmative and Negative (b) Negative and Affirmative

A: Can you both swim?

B: I can but Tom can’t.


A: Were you both there?

B: I was but Tom wasn’t.


A: Can you both swim?

B: I can’t but Tom can..


A: Were you both there?

B:I wasn’t but Tom was.

  1. Have you both got tickets?
  2. Did you both see the play?
  3. Do you both like Swedish films?
  4. Are you both over twenty-one?
  5. Have you both got driving licences?
  6. Are you both learning to fly?
  7. Will you both be here tomorrow?
  8. Were you both surprised?
  9. Will you both like it?
  10. Must you both go? (Use needn’t for negative.)
  11. Can you both see well?
  12. Do you both belong to a club?
  13. Are you doing anything tonight?
  14. Need you practise tonight? (Use must in the affirmative.)
  15. Could you both work late tonight?
  16. Should you have been on the plane?
  17. Had you spoken to him before?
  18. Would you mind if the trip was cancelled?
  19. Are you both studying English?
  20. Have you both got plenty of money?

Answer the following questions addressed to you and your friend in a written form

 Can you both play tennis?

  1. Would you tell him the truth?
  2. Could you both join the club?
  3. Are you both learning German?
  4. Were you both interested in this business?
  5. Have you both done it already?
  6. Are you both ready?
  7. Do you both smoke?
  8. Are you both going to Spain next year?
  9. 10.Will you both be there in two days?

3  Auxiliary verbs: negative additions to negative statements

A: Jack couldn’t understand it. (Tom)

(a) B: Neither could Tom.


(b) B: Jack couldn’t understand and neither could Tom. (Both subjects stressed.)

A: He can’t cook. (she)

(a) B: Neither can she.


  • B: He can’t cook and neither can she. (Both subjects stressed.)


Alternatively the same subject could be used in all the answers, e.g.

Neither could Tom / Neither can Tom / Neither must Tom


Neither could I / Neither can I etc.


nor could be used instead of neither.


  1. Peter hasn’t time to study. (Bill)
  2. George mustn’t be late. (Arthur)
  3. Paul didn’t get any sleep. (his mother)
  4. Ann doesn’t smoke. (I)
  5. Nancy wouldn’t come. (her husband)
  6. Paul doesn’t believe you. (James)
  7. Bill hasn’t been waiting long. (Bob)
  8. Andrew wasn’t drunk. (Peter)
  9. They don’t know the way. (I)
  • Ann won’t write letters. (Lucy)
  • She isn’t going anywhere. (I)
  • Charles wasn’t making a noise. (Jack)
  • Peter shouldn’t have complained. (Paul)
  • He won’t be ready by six. (she)
  • Peter hadn’t done his homework. (his sister)
  • The Smiths aren’t rich. (the Joneses)
  • He can’t explain it. (anyone else)
  • Peter hasn’t started work yet. (Harold)
  • Ann couldn’t lift it. (Alice)
  • Jack hadn’t been paid. (Peter)


 Add to the following remarks using (and) neither/nor + the auxiliary + the noun/pronoun in brackets in a written form


1. I haven’t seen it. (Tom)

2. You shouldn’t be watching TV. (Tom)

3. You mustn’t be late. (1)

4. He can’t come. (his sister)


5. This telephone doesn’t work. (that)

6. Tom’s car won’t start. (mine)

7. I hadn’t any change. (the taxi driver)

8. He didn’t know the way. (anyone else)


 Auxiliary verbs: affirmative additions to affirmative statements



A: Tom is going by taxi. (Bill)

B: And so is Bill.


B: Tom is going by taxi and so is Bill. (Both subjects stressed.)


A: She works in a laundry. (he)

B: And so does he.


B: She works in a laundry and so does he. (Both subjects stressed.)

Alternatively the same second subject could be used in all the answers, e.g.

So is Tom / So does Tom / So will Tom etc.

or: So am I / So do I / So will I etc.


  1. They had cornflakes for breakfast. (I)
  2. George has lunch in the canteen. (Gerald)
  3. John has a hangover this morning. (Alan)
  4. Jack should have thanked her. (we)
  5. Ann got a parking ticket. (Alice)
  6. Mary’s taking photographs. (Michael)
  7. She develops her own films. (he)
  8. Paul thought it was too much. (I)
  9. Brian should go to bed earlier. (Jane)
  10. Philip will have to take lessons. (Pat)
  11. They missed the programme. (we)
  12. James had better change his shoes. (Mark)
  13. They’re looking for a flat. (we)
  14. Rupert made six mistakes. (you)
  15. Jack must go. (his wife)
  16. Hugh liked the Albert Hall. (Mary)
  17. Emily offered to help. (Jean)
  18. Bill should take a holiday. (Peter)
  19. Richard has just got home. (Philip)
  20. I’m tired of this. (we all)



Add to the following remarks  using (and) so + the noun/pronoun in brackets + the auxiliary  in a written form


1. I have read it. (John)

2. He is a  writer, (she)

3. Tom can speak Welsh, (his wife)

4. She ought to get up. (you)

5. I should be wearing a seat belt. (you)


  6. John will be there. (Tom)

7. The first bus was full. (the second)

8. I bought a ticket, (my brother)

9. You must come. (your son)

10.This bus goes to Piccadilly. (that)





5   Auxiliary verbs: affirmative additions to negative statements

PEG 112B


A: His mother didn’t come to the wedding. (his father)

B: His mother didn’t come to the wedding but his father did.

(Both subjects are normally stressed.)


  1. Mary doesn’t like the flat. (Tom)
  2. George isn’t ready. (Peter)
  3. Peter wouldn’t wait for you. (George)
  4. Mr Jones hadn’t arrived. (his wife)
  5. She won’t sign the protest. (her sister)
  6. Bill didn’t wave. (Bob)
  7. Mr Jones hasn’t got a driving licence. (Mrs Jones)
  8. You needn’t attend the meeting. (your friend) (Use must.)
  9. You couldn’t do it in one day. (I)
  10. They weren’t in any danger. (we)
  11. He hadn’t promised to help. (I)
  12. She wouldn’t like to see it. (I)
  13. Ann can’t read without glasses. (I)
  14. They haven’t got colour television. (we)
  15. Bob doesn’t like thrillers. (Michael)
  16. The children shouldn’t get up early. (their mother)
  17. He hadn’t noticed the mistake. (she)
  18. Peter wouldn’t do it for nothing. (Andrew)
  19. Mary didn’t buy an evening paper. (Alice)
  20. The bus driver wasn’t in the bus. (conductor)



Add to the following remarks using but + noun/pronoun + the auxiliary or do/does/did

in a written form


  1. John was seasick. (Mary)
  2. He wasn’t there, (she)
  3. You must go. (your brother)
  4. My sister can speak German. (I)
  5. Alexander didn’t want to wait. (James)
  6. Bill needn’t stay. (Stanley)
  7. A cat wouldn’t eat it. (a dog)
  8. He will enjoy it. (his wife)
  9. I haven’t got a computer, (my neighbour)
  10. This beach is safe for bathing, (that beach)
  11. I must leave early, (you)
  12. You don’t have to pay tax. (I)

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM

Auxiliary Verbs Grammar Part 1 IELTS EXAM


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