EASY WAY TO LEARN PREPOSITIONS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR
PREPOSITION:- Proposition makes two words pre+Position. A word used before a noun or pronoun to show its relation to the other words of the sentences.
A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show in what relation the person or thing denoted by the noun stands to something else.
A word or group of words that is used with a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, location, or time, or to introduce an object.
1. From:- From may be used with any form of tense.whereas from can be used also for present and future time.
1. I am coming from Delhi.
2. I heard it from Ram.
3. He begins school from Today. (Present).
4. He will become a regular student from tomorrow. (Future).
2. At:- With reference to time, At is used for a point of time, with small and less important places, at night/noon, while telling the cost, with a festival/event.
1. He came at daybreak.
2. I was born at 2’o clock.
3. I live at Rohini in Delhi.
4. I was at home at noon/night.
5. The fruit is selling at rs.50/- per kg.
6. I will come home at Holi.
3. In:- With reference to space, in for a period of time in which something happens; it is used for large places, countries and large towns, it is also used to denote at the end of a period of time in the future.
1. He lives in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai.
2. She will come in a week.
3.I saw the picture in the computer.
4. I work in a bank.
5. I live at Delhi in India.
4. With:- With is Used with the instrument with which the action is done. From a task with, help of someone.
1. I cut the cake with a knife.
2. I am always with you.3. we will with you.
4. The tree was cut by the man with an axe.
5. The farmer was killed by a robber with a knife.
5. On:- On is often used in speaking of things at rest.
1. We sat on the ground.
2. The pen is kept on the table.
3 A waiter waits on the guests.
4. I have every claim on you.
5. Joseph is bent on mischief.
6. To:- We can use as a preposition to indicate a destination or direction:-
1. He came along with his sister to meet us.2. She has sent us an invitation to dinner.
3. There is no limit to his ambition.
4. He set up a claim to the throne.
5. He went to see his parents.
7. Since:-Since is used to denote a point of time in the past. It is also used to denote a point of time and comes after a verb in the Present Perfect Tense.
1. I have not met her since last week.
2. He has been ill since Friday last.
3. I have been unwell since Monday.
4. He has been sleeping Since the last four.
5. He has been sleeping since 6’o clock.
8. Before:- Before is used in negative and affirmative sentences alike to denote a point of future time.
1. I shall be there before 2’0 clock.
2. The train will reach before time.
3. He was standing before me.
4. Peter laid all the facts before her
9. After:-After is used to denote at the end of a period of time in the past;
1. The train will reach after time.
2. The police is after the thief.
3. The shepherd looked after his sheep.
10. Into:- Into denotes motion towards the inside of anything;
1. He fell into the river.
2. He jumped into well.
3. we ran into the garden.
4. The thieves broke into his house at night.
11. Between:- Between is used in speaking of two persons or things;
1. He stood between two girls.
2. A Quarrel across between the two sisters.
3. We divided the money between us.
4. There is a long wait between trains.
5. This is secret between you and me.
12. For:- for is used to denote a period of time in the present, past or future.
1. He has been sleeping for the last four hours.
2. I gave my Mobile for Rs. 500/-
3. This medicine is good for a headache.
4. We will wait for you.
5. I have not seen her for a long time.
13. By:- By is used after verbs in passive to express the agent the action expressed by the verbs.
1. The tree was cut by the man.
2. The essay was written by me.
3. The farmer was killed by a robber.
4. I am travelled by bus.
5. I will leave by 4’o clock.
14. Upon:- Upon is generally used in speaking of things on motion; Immediately after doing something or something happens:-
1. The cat sprang upon the table.
2. I hit upon a good idea
3. He put the blame upon me.
4. She has no one to wait upon her.
5. The meaning dawned upon me at last.
15.Beside:- Beside means by the side of;
1. She sat beside me.
2. Sit beside me.
3. Tom stood beside Mary.
4. She lies here beside me.
5. Her house seems small beside mine.
16. Besides:- Besides means in addition to;
1. He has no friends besides me.
2. He speaks two languages besides English.
3. Besides teaching English, he writes novels.
4. Besides being a doctor, he was a very famous novelist.
5. There was no one there besides me.
17. Among:- Among refers to more than two persons or things;
1. We agreed among ourselves
2. I sat among them.
3. You are among friends.
4. He is popular among us.
5. There is said to be honor among.
18. Against:– When you do something against somebody or something, you oppose them or it.
1. Tom is against it.
2. Are you against me?
3. He leaned against the wall.
4. He hit his head against a rock.
5. I thought you against me.
19 During:- The preposition “during” is used to represent the length of time of an action that is while the action is happening. All through a period of time; at some point in a period of time.
1. Rohan died during his stay in Boston.
2. I had a good time during the trip.
3. Rajan took notes during class.
4. It rained during the night.
5. He fell asleep during class.
20. Up:- Up is commonly used as a particle in the phrasal verb.
1. The balloon is going up.
2. She stretched and sat up, reaching for her clothes.
3. Toss up a copper for it as well.
4. She smiled up at him.
5. He picked it up, but could not see what he held.
21. Over:- Extending directly upwards from.
1. He is famous all over the world.
2. You see it all over the Internet.
3. Finally, he bowed over her hand.
4. The math works the same over time.
5. I hand him over to you.
22. Down:- From a higher to a lower point of (something); throughout (a period of time).
1. Prices are falling down.
- Sweat dripped down her neck.
- The children ran down the hill.
- She fell down the stairs.
- He climbed down the ladder.
23. Below:- At a lower level or layer than;
1. I scored below 70% in 10th class.
2. My name is below Rajni’s name.
3. Money level is below love.
4. His level is below yours.
5. The pencil rolled off the desk and fell to the floor below.
24. After:- In an extended space over and not touching; at a higher level or layer than.
1. He is a cut above the average college student.
2. Children of six and above should attend school.
3. I could not make myself heard above the noise.
4. My name is above his name.
5. My country is above all.
25.Within:- Inside (something);
1. They live within the city limits.
2. I will come within 2 days.
- He keeps it all within him.
- A disease-free future for everyone is within our grasp.
- Few cases met fell within our criteria.
26. Without:- Not having the use or benefit of.
1. He walked in without knocking.
2. This could not be done without the Internet.
3. I am nothing without you.
4. A house without children is not a home.
5. The tears came without warning.
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