The diagrams below show the stages and equipment used in the cement-making process and how cement is used to produce concrete for building purposes. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The information regarding the way of making cement and preparing concrete from it has been illustrated by production diagrams. Overall, it can be seen that various stages are in the production plant for both materials, and all steps are indispensable to complete these processes.
With regard to cement production, in the first stage, a batter of limestone and clay is turned into powder by using a crusher. After that, after passing through the mixer, the powder is entered the rotating heater machine with a view to increasing the temperature of the powder stew. After which, in the next stage, the powder is crushed into the grinder and converted into a fine powder which is called cement. In the last step, it is packed in waterproof bags and then used for residential purposes.
Turning to the concrete procedure, in the mixture, the highest percentage of ingredients is gravel which comprises 50% of the total mixture, and the other is sand, cement and water, which is accounted for 25 per cent, 15% and 10 %, consequently. Then, this whole recipe is put in the concrete mixer and mixed well in this machine; after this process, concrete is received, which is one type of adhesive material used in the construction industry.
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