WRONG USAGE OF ADVERBS IELTS EXAM
- To modify a Verb, an Adjective or another Adverb, we use an Adverb.
Incorrect- She writes very careful.
Correct- She writes very carefully.
Carefully is an Adjective which cannot modify the Adverb very, therefore carefully (Adverb) must be used in place of Adjective careful.
- Too means more than required and it is used with Unpleasant Adjective. So, we cannot use too glad, too happy, too pleasant, too healthy.
Incorrect- I am too glad to meet you.
Correct- I am very glad to meet you.
- 3. A sentence which is based on ‘Too’ ‘To’ format, we cannot replace ‘To’ with ‘so that’. If we replace ‘To’ with ‘so that’, ‘Too’ also must be replaced with ‘cannot’.
Incorrect- He is too weak so that he cannot walk.
Correct- He is too weak to walk.
Correct- He is so weak that he cannot walk.
- Much too is followed by Unpleasant Adjective, whereas too much is followed by Noun. Much too + Unpleasant Adjective. Too much + Noun.
Incorrect- His failure is too much painful for me.
Correct- His failure is much too painful for me.
Incorrect- His wife’s rude behaviour gives him much too pain.
Correct- His wife’s rude behaviour gives him too much pain.
- Quite and all are not used together.
Incorrect- He is quite all right.
Correct- He is quite right (or) He is all right.
- A/An + fairly + Adjective + Noun (or) Rather + A + Adjective
(i) A fairly good book
(ii) Rather a difficult problem.
But we cannot use Pleasant Adjective with rather and Unpleasant Adjective with fairly.
Incorrect- It was a rather good book.
Correct- It was a fairly good book.
- Enough, when used as an Adverb, is preceded by a positive degree Adjective or Adverb.
Incorrect- He is greater enough to pardon you.
Correct- He is great enough to pardon you. ‘
- Two negatives cancel each other. Hence two negatives should not be used in the same sentence unless we make an affirmation.
Incorrect-I have not got none.
Correct- I have not got any.
- ‘At present’ means ‘at the present time’, ‘presently’ means ‘shortly’. These should not be confused.
- Incorrect- Nothing more can be done presently.
Correct- Nothing more can be done at present.
- Incorrect- He will come back at present.
Correct- He will come back presently.
- 10. ‘Hard’ means ‘diligently’, strenuously’, ‘Hardly’ means ‘scarcely at all’. These two Adverbial forms of ‘hard’ must not be confused.
- Incorrect- He tried hardly to win the race.
Correct- He tried hard to win the race.
- Incorrect- She has eaten hard anything today.
Correct- She has eaten hardly anything today.
- 11. ‘Much’ is used before past participles and Adjectives or Adverbs of comparative ‘Very’ is used before the present participles and
Adjectives and Adverbs of positive degree.
- Incorrect- The news is much surprising.
Correct- The news is very surprising.
- Incorrect-I was very surprised at hearing the news.
Correct- I was much surprised at hearing the news.
- 12. Hardly is an Adverb which means rarely. Whereas hard is an Adjective which means tough, rigid.
Incorrect- It is a hardly job.
Correct- It is a hard job.
- 13. Ago is always used with Past Indefinite Tense. So, if ago is used in a sentence, that sentence must be in the Past Indefinite Tense.
Incorrect- He has come a month ago.
Correct- He came a month ago.
- 14. At present means at this moment and it is used with Present Tense, whereas
presently and shortly are used for future action and generally’ used with Future Indefinite Tense.
Incorrect- Presently he is in the room.
Correct- At present he is in the room.
- 15. Early means “just after the beginning of anything” and soon means just after a point of time.
Roses blossomed early this spring.
- 16. The sentence which starts with seldom, never, hardly, rarely or scarcely takes an inverse structure, i.e., Verb + Subject – Structure.
Incorrect- Seldom I had seen such a beautiful sight.
Correct- Seldom had I seen such a beautiful sight.
- 17. Inversion is also used in a sentence which starts with here/there/away/out/up/indoor or outdoor and Main Verb, or Aux + Main Verb is used before the Subject.
Incorrect- Away Sita went
Correct- Away went Sita.
Practice questions : Spotting Errors – Based on Adverbs
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