Car ownership has increased so rapidly over the past thirty years that many cities in the world are now ‘one big traffic jam.’ How true do you think this statement is? What measures can governments take to discourage people from using their cars?
It is true that the number of people having a car has increased exponentially in the last thirty years, and most metro cities these days are in the firm grip of the traffic. There are many steps that governments can take to tackle this problem.
To embark with, traffic congestion is the most pressing issue that many cities across the world face today. Over the last few decades, the rate of car ownership has accelerated significantly, and if not controlled, it is likely to rise further. Admittedly, governments across the world have tried to resolve this problem by widening existing roads; however, they have not been able to match the pace of increasing car ownership. Consequently, the problem of congestion has escalated to such a level that in big cities, it affects not only business activities but also the physical and mental well-being of residents. Apart from that, businesses incur a loss because of the delay in moving their goods and manpower. Moreover, urban residents also suffer because of the constant noise and air pollution caused by frequent traffic jams.
There are many measures that governments can initiate to mitigate this issue of increasing the number of cars on roads. First of all, governments can increase the financial burden of owning a car by imposing a green tax on the sale of new cars and fuel. They are likely to face resistance from voters; however, they can certainly gather public support by running awareness campaigns. Moreover, they can invest more in public transport. If people find that traveling by bus or commuter train can save their money and time, they will certainly prefer them to private vehicles.
In conclusion, although most cities struggle with the issue of traffic congestion, authorities can alleviate this situation by imposing a carbon tax on private vehicles and improving public transport infrastructure.
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