In many cities, planners tend to arrange shops, schools, offices, and homes in specific areas and separate them from each other. Do you think the advantages of this policy outweigh the disadvantages?
City planners incorporate urban development to facilitate tourism, growing populations, and the citizens’ needs for modern public facilities. In this quest, they arrange shops, educational institutes, offices, and residential complexes in specific separate areas. This policy has advantages and disadvantages but overall the advantages are much more.
The first and foremost advantage is that such planning helps in organizing traffic. Such places are also generally well linked by public transport because public transport is also part of urban planning. When all offices are in one location then people using their own cars can also do carpooling. For example, if five persons in one residential complex have to go to work in one area, then each one can take his car for one day in a week. It would be a win-win situation for both the people and the environment.
This would also keep the residential areas free from noise and traffic and worth living in. The land cost in residential areas also remains less as they can never become commercial areas. Effective green spaces such as parks can also be maintained with careful planning. Moreover, if all shopping is confined to one area, such places can also attract tourism. For example, Sector 17 Chandigarh is a well-known shopping center and an attraction for tourists. Finally, such planning is cost-effective because it is cheaper for the government to concentrate water supply and sewerage disposal in restricted areas.
On the other hand, there are some disadvantages. It encourages using cars because people must cover long distances to go shopping or to their workplaces. This is not good for the environment. It also wastes a lot of time for the students because they have to commute to and from school. Some areas may be very near to schools and some may be very far off, which is unsuitable.
To put it in a nutshell, I’m pen down saying that careful urban planning is the need of the day. Shopping complexes and offices should be in separate areas and away from residential ones. However, each residential area should be fed by one school nearby to benefit students. Overall, the pros of city planning outweigh the cons.