In recent years some countries experienced very rapid economic development. this has resulted in much higher standards of living in urban areas but not in the countryside. this situation may bring some problems for the country as a whole. what are these problems? how might they be reduced?
From the evidence of developing countries all over the world, it seems inevitable that economic growth is generated in the business and industrial centers of the major cities. as a result, urban citizens have access to jobs and facilities that improve their living standards considerably. however, it is usually the case that these are not equally enjoyed by the people in the countryside and this generates several problems for the countries concerned.
First of all, people from the countryside will try to move to the cities to get more employment opportunities and better access to the facilities available there. but this increase in urban population puts great pressure on housing and services and leads to the creation of massive slum areas where the condition may be lower than in the rural villages. these are often left under-populated and this can impact on food production and can have severe effects for people in both urban and rural areas.
Finally, as a country’s economy develops, they may be an increasing sense of inequality as the towns get richer and villages get poorer, and this may lead to more crime and even civil unrest.
The key to reducing these problems seems to lie in improving the standards of living and the facilities available in the countryside. perhaps, incentives can be offered to factories and companies to relocate; road and rail networks can be built to make such relocation possible; doctors and teachers could be required to spend part of their professional lives in rural areas.
In conclusion, however, improving rural living standards requires investment and political will that is sometimes not easy to generate.
Modern societies need specialists in certain fields, but not in others. some people, therefore, think that governments should pay university fees for students who study subjects that are needed by society. those who choose to study less relevant subjects should not receive government funding. would the advantages of such an educational policy outweigh the disadvantages?